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Depository management and security system

Dhaval Acaharya, Karan Dhanwani, Rushabh Patel

Department of Computer Engineering, R.N.G. Patel Institute of Technology, Bardoli, India

The manufacturing industries are currently changing from mass production to customized production. The term Industry 4.0 stands for the fourth industrial revolution which is defined as a new level of organization and control over the entire value chain of the life cycle of products; it is geared towards increasingly individualized customer requirements. Industry 4.0 is still visionary but a realistic concept which includes Internet of Things, Smart warehousing techniques and Cloud based Manufacturing. This paper presents a review on warehouses technologies and techniques for management and security of goods in achieving industry 4.0.
With the constant development of information technology, the logistics industry pays more attention on the warehouse management. Using advanced computer network communication technology, changing the traditional pattern of warehouse management, realizing warehouse management informatization has become an inevitable choice. By designing and developing warehouse management information system more advance, it will make it intelligent, reduce the cost of Logistics companies effectively and meet the demand of modern warehousing logistics services.
In the view of politics, industry, and IT enterprises, sufficient IT security is considered an essential prerequisite for the future of production. Although many current IT security solutions can be applied in Industries, they do not satisfy requirements of processes in Industries. So work needs to be done on underlying security mechanisms as well as on security architectures for growing industries to reach upto a smart level which can move industries towards the context of Industry 4.0.
In the field of today's logistics world, the tough task is to manage goods and provide a secure place to keep goods in warehouses. So the need of hour, we are representing a new idea for managing goods in warehouse by applying the concept of Robotic arm and QR CODE. In this concept the robotic arm will scan the QR Code of the goods and will keep the records of the goods in database and will transport the goods the location details received from the QR Code details.
Data collection and integration strategy are essential to enterprise resource management system as well as warehouse management system which can be done with the help of using Cloud Based Services for data collection and data integration concepts which are basically a part of Industry 4.0 i.e. Internet of Things(IoT) by considering it as one of the countable measures for taking logistic industries to a new smart digital level in terms of smart factories.

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Over the past two decades, the Internet has changed the social life. Today, the Internet and the gradual integration of the three major industry revolutions, making manufacturing areas will have the collection, transmission and processing of large data advanced capabilities. Industry 4.0[1] was proposed by the German, it essence is "Internet + Manufacturing".

Germany has one of the most competitive manufacturing industries in the world and is a global leader in the manufacturing equipment sector[2]. Since the German federal government announced Industry 4.0 as one of the key initiatives of its high-tech strategy in 2011, the topic of Industry 4.0 has become famous among many companies, research centers, and universities. Numerous academic publications, practical articles, and conferences have discussed this topic[3]. The industrial sector is important to every country's economy and remains the driver of growth and employment.

Industry 4.0 - A Glimpse

Industry 4.0 or fourth industrial revolution also refers to the next phase in a digitization of the manufacturing sector where the Internet of Things (IoT) looks to play a huge role that have the potential to feed information into it and add value to manufacturing industry to realize a low-volume, high mix production in a cost-efficient way[4]. It also involves the management and organization of the entire value chain process of the manufacturing industry. Various organizations have been advocating Industrial Internet of Things and Industry 4.0 concepts to create smarter factories[5] .

The goal is mainly to develop a smart factory in which products are able to find their own way through production and establish alternatives in case of disturbances, as a technological basis serving cyber physical systems and the "Internet of Things and Services".

Digitization and intelligentization of manufacturing process is the need for today's industry. The manufacturing industries are currently changing from mass production to customized production. The rapid advancements in manufacturing technologies and applications in the industries help in increasing productivity. The term Industry 4.0 stands for the fourth industrial revolution which is defined as a new level of organization and control over the entire value chain of the life cycle of products; it is geared towards increasingly individualized customer requirements. Industry 4.0 is still visionary but a realistic concept which includes Internet of Things, Industrial Internet, Smart Manufacturing and Cloud based Manufacturing. Industry 4.0 concerns the strict integration of human in the manufacturing process so as to have continuous improvement and focus on value adding activities and avoiding wastes. The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of Industry 4.0 and to deal with problems which are facing in warehouses at the time of storing/receiving/delivering cargos by Industry 4.0 with its applications.

A current need exists for a more reliable and proven paperless warehouse management system. The new system must be capable of providing a logical, orderly and thorough method for receiving and shipping material. It must also be flexible enough to allow for production variances to be reconciled easily and efficiently. A need exists for the minimization of labour and loss of product. The ability to enforce accountability among warehouse personnel also needs to be met [6]. The Global Logistics sector was expected to growth of 10-15% in the period 2013-14. Logistics industry is expected to reach over 2 billion dollar by 2019. Rise of e-commerce logistics and increased domestic consumption will lead the way for the industry in the coming years. With a promise of growth and improvements, the service oriented logistics industry is ready to expand beyond the horizons in the latter half of this decade[7].

A warehouse is an essential link between the upstream (production) and downstream (distribution) entities, and most of the warehouse operations are either labour- or capital-intensive. The performance of these operations not only affects the productivity and operation costs of a warehouse, but also the whole supply chain. Thus, information systems such as warehouse management systems (WMSs) were adopted for collecting data of warehouse operations in order to solve various problems in a warehouse, such as material handling problems. However, the current WMSs are incapable of providing timely and accurately warehouse operations information because they contain no feature of real-time and automatic data retrieval. Instead, the systems rely heavily on warehouse staff members to input operational information manually or through bar-code systems. Hence, incorrect information is unavoidably input from time to time as human error is inevitable .Moreover, it is difficult to formulate reliable material handling solutions to handle different orders either by warehouse staff members (who may be biased) or through WMSs. Therefore, it is essential to propose an intelligent system with real-time and automatic data retrieval features for solving material handling problems. Fig. 2 shows the common problems which frequently occur in a warehouse due to human error and out-of-date information. Based on the input of incorrect information in inventory level, warehouse capacity and storage location, inaccurate reports are generated from WMSs for warehouse staff members to make unreliable material handling solutions for managing the daily warehouse operations[6]

Fig 2: | Common Problems occur in Warehouses.

In this paper, a set of QR Code scanning performance tests is performed by QR Code scanner that will collect the data of that product and will upload the data on cloud using Internet of Things (IoT) through network and nowadays data collection and integration are the main components for the development of industries. These two features are considered as component of smart factory in industry 4.0 and as we know smart factory is the key feature of industry 4.0 for the development of the industries.

As the goods will entered in the warehouse first the QR code id scanned by QR code scanner, by scanning the QR code it will give the information of goods and then its data will enter in table. Here we are using QR code instead of RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) because it is faster than RFID code and by using QR code the time will be consume less and the speed of the work will boost up. Then the goods are place by robotic arm according to the space which is required by goods to store in warehouse. Then at the time of delivering parcel from warehouse to destination once again the QR code will be scan by QR Code scanner, this will give us the report that the parcel has been out for delivery from warehouse and the data will be uploaded on cloud after the scanning process will completed by QR scanner. The robotic arm will be differentiating goods according to their requirements for receiving and dispatching goods.


Industry 4.0 dictates the end of traditional centralized applications for production control. Its vision of ecosystems of smart factories with intelligent and autonomous shop-floor entities is inherently decentralized. Within the first three industrial revolutions, humans have witnessed and created mechanical, electrical and information technology, which were aimed at improving productivity of industrial processes. The four stages of the industrial revolution In order to better transform from Industry 3.0 to Industry 4.0

The smart factory and intelligent production are the two themes under research. The "smart factory" is a key component of future intelligent infrastructure, which focuses on intelligent manufacturing systems and processes, and implementation of networked distributed production facilities. "Intelligent production" focuses on human-computer interaction, logistics management, 3D printing and other advanced technologies, which can be applied to the entire industrial process to create a highly flexible, personalized and networked industrial chain. In a smart factory of the future, there will be not just human-computer interaction, but also things-to-things interaction, which aims to create better services to meet customers' needs. The combination of smart devices with ICT (Information Communication Technology) is also the basis of these two major themes.

In this paper this proposed system is mainly for the industries that are not using this latest technology like small-scale industries and for their development to moving towards large-scale industries.

The cargo sensors will be attached on each cargo which is placed in warehouse by robotic arm. These sensors will be attached on cargo until shipment. These sensors will give alert when any unfavourable situation occurs like stealing of goods from cargo. Whenever any cargo is moved without any access or permission of general manager, an alert will be sent to general manager. The sensors will be attached to the cargos at the time of arrival. Then the cargo will reach on conveyor belt, on that belt the QR.

There are sensors called cargo sensors with the capabilities of sensing weight (reducing/changing) and movement/vibration of the cargo. When the cargo arrives in the warehouse, these sensors are attached with the cargo for the safety of it. Whenever in any unconditional/unfavourable situation related to theft, then these sensors are capable of giving alert messages to the warehouse manager. If the cargo gets emptied without any movement, without any access of manager, i.e in case of theft/robbery, the weight sensors will detect the reducing weight of the cargo and alert message will be sent to manager. And in case of movement of the cargo, the vibration sensors will detect the vibration and same alert message will be sent.

The cargo has its own QR code on it. The cargo after getting sensors, move to conveyor belt where the scanner will scan the QR code of the cargo. The code contains all the basic information of the goods stored in particular cargo, which after scanning is stored on clouds which is called data collection. These data collection is done by using Internet of Things (IoT).

The Robotic Arm is a mechanical arm which is programmed to differentiate the goods and put them in the statistically systematic manner. The Robotic Arm is kept to reduce the misplacement of the goods in the warehouse. The robotic also reduce labour work at warehouses and as it is machine it needs maintenance on regular basis.

So the goods in the cargo and cargo in the warehouse are systematically placed and at the time of shipment, there is no misplacement of goods/cargo.


In a nutshell IoT wants to connect all potential objects to interact each other on the internet to provide secure, comfort life for human. Recent researches show by 2020 we have over 20 billion devices which uses IoT. IoT does that because of controlling on device and lower expense on radio.

According to the survey of 2016, a majority of businesses will be running in the cloud by 2020. Research firm Gartner released a report projecting that more companies will be running in the cloud than not in less than four years. Gartner also points out that 30% of the 100 largest vendors' new software acquisitions will be cloud-only by 2019[8]. Connected devices and sensors in products and materials help organizations to ensure they can produce and ship the right quantity of goods at the right price to the right place at the right time. All of these features fall under the internet of things (IoT).

Industry 4.0 and IoT defined as intelligent, interconnected equipment and products autonomously communicating and optimizing along the entire value chain, are key elements of this digital revolution.

It is time to get "smart". The web is full of buzzwords signalizing major changes and revolutions in both the internet and the industry. Losing track of what's what increasingly becomes an everyday risk. The IoT is one of the major factors in new communicative and interactive developments. With the concept of Industry 4.0 spreading from its German origins across the world, it is worth examining the extent to which Industry 4.0 and the Internet of Things are connected.

In this system the data collection will be done after scanning QR code by QR scanners and as no humans are involved the data integrity will be maintained. Hence IoT is used for data collection and data integrity in this system that secures the data and it is error free.


A machine-readable code consisting of an array of black and white squares, typically used for storing URLs or other information for reading by the camera on a Smartphone. QR is short for Quick Response (they can be scanned quickly by a cell phone). They are used to take a piece of information from a transitory media.

The main advantage of a QR code is its versatility. QR codes can be used for anything and everything. They are also beneficial for both customers and businesses. For example, a business saves money and advertising costs by distributing a QR code to their website or URL. The QR Code Scanning is the fastest scanning code so it boosts up the work.

Industry 4.0 and QR Code(covers in augmented reality) boost the revolution of industry.

In warehouse management the use of QR code is to collect information of cargos by scanning of QR code through QR scanner. Each cargo has a unique QR Code which is scan by QR scanner and after scanning it will give information of product and this information is stored in database in cloud through network using Internet of things (IoT).


According to the survey statistics show that businesses lost $114 million in the U.S. in 2016. This figure is about 13.3% higher than theft in 2015, which was about $100 million. Warehouse theft prevention requires a strategic approach- applies it to increase the security of your warehouse during work hours and when the space is empty. Don't merely rely on manual data entry operations anymore, because they're out-dated. All risk-related inventories should be protected using the latest technological solutions. This trend has been rising continuously over years- thieves managed to steal expensive equipment, materials, and other items due to security breaches [9]. So to fill that breaches the sensors like weight sensors and vibration sensors are used to protect goods which are kept in warehouse. The weight sensors are mainly used to show that from the start, when the goods are entered in warehouse the weight will be noted by weight sensors and on each cargo the sensors will be placed. Same way the vibration sensor will give alert when your parcel will push or moved from one place to another without any access of warehouse general manager when it is kept in warehouse. These sensors can prevent thefts and can also improve the management of goods and way of keeping goods in well-mannered way in warehouse which is also an important aspect in the industry for its revolution and fortune.

ORBCOMM's full length SC 200 cargo sensor can be integrated with our award-winning GT 1100 asset tracking device to detect the presence or absence of cargo inside standard full-length trailers, providing greater asset visibility and security. The SC 200 has a sensing range of up to 53 feet and sends alerts if a change in load status occurs or if the sensor is damaged or removed. As part of a comprehensive trailer tracking solution, the SC 200 enables fleet operators to quickly identify empty and loaded trailers, optimize turn time, detect cargo theft and more [10].

Fig 3: | SC 200 Full Length Cargo Sensor


A robotic arm is a type of mechanical arm, usually programmable, with similar functions to a human arm, the arm may be the sum total of the mechanism or may be part of a more complex robot. The links of such a manipulator are connected by joints allowing either rotational motion (such as in an articulated robot) or translational (linear) displacement.

Warehouse automation technologies have made tremendous strides in recent years, promising to completely change the way that order fulfilment and material handling work as an industry. Robotics already play an integral role in that shift, and will only continue to do so as the technologies become more and more sophisticated, helping operations of all kinds address common challenges like:

  • Decreased labour availability in the market
  • Rising employment costs and wages
  • Changing order profiles
  • More complicated fulfilment strategies
  • Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems
  • Goods-to-Person technology
  • Autonomous Mobile Robot
  • Articulated Robotic Arms

Automated storage and retrieval systems (AS/RS) are a family of automated warehouse technology that helps to automate the inventory process, retrieving goods for use and then efficiently placing them back into storage once they are no longer needed. AS/RS is typically paired with warehouse execution software (WES) that manages the different processes taking place within an operation.

Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMRs) are similar to AGVs and AGCs in many ways:

  • They can navigate around a facility or warehouse without the need for human intervention
  • They can be used to transport inventory or materials from one location to another
  • They can facilitate a picking strategy

But though they can work to fulfil the same purpose within your operation, they are built upon very different technologies, which give them different properties.

AGVs and AGCs typically operate by following a preset route between locations. These routes are established by laying some sort of physical guide: Magnetic strips, wires, sensors embedded in the floor, etc. These may be paired with technology like LiDAR, infrared, and cameras that allow the vehicle to identify obstacles and avoid accidents, but these elements are not used as the primary navigation.

Articulated robotic arms are another example of robotic technology that has permeated into the fields of distribution and manufacturing. These tools are essentially multi-jointed limbs that can be used to lift, move, turn, and otherwise manipulate a range of goods within a warehouse or distribution center.

In this capacity, an articulated robotic arm can be put to use in a range of functions within an operation, including:


As product arrives at your facility, an articulated arm can be put to use de-palletizing product and moving it to racks [6].

This technology is mainly used to reduce labour work and has large scope in logistic industry and is the revolution of industry[11].

Fig 4 | Robotic Arm


This paper concludes the concept of robotics and QR Code technology in warehouse management in industry 4.0. It also has huge scope in future.

The warehouse is a key component of the supply chain in emergencies. It buffers uncertainties and breakdowns that may occur in the supply chain. When properly managed and appropriately stocked a warehouse provides a consistent supply of material when it is needed. Depository management and security system is mainly design to reduce labour work and manual work. This system will increase the efficiency of work by using QR Code scanner and robotic arm. The procedure of data collection and data integrity will be improved by storing data on cloud; this keeps data secure and easily accessible. Due to secured manner and systematic proper management of cargo, small scale companies get to compete large scale companies with less investment. Hence the small scale companies get a chance to develop their work with minimal loss and become successful large scale company.


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